A viscera report is prepared to determine the cause of death under suspicious circumstances where autopsies are unconvincing. In these tests, the internal organs of the body, explicitly those within the chest, abdomen, or the pelvis are tested thoroughly.
Viscera tests are generally done in the cases which are under suspects like cases of poisoning and dowry deaths. Even it is done under the cases which donÕt have the most crucial clues, or in the criminal cases which leaves no such evidence or the cases which seem like murder but the criminal is successful in leaving no evidence.
Viscera test samples for any case are collected for chemical examination and have to be done within 15 days of the postmortem. The Forensic Science Laboratories are asked to provide scientific help in any such crime investigation by providing the reports of the blood, semen, stains, and other.
The organs are located in the central cavities that are the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. The main pulmonary, gastrointestinal, genitourinary organs and cardiovascular organ sum up to the viscera. And the ÔvisceraÕ means ÔviscusÕ in Latin which means an organ of the body.
A study of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) has revealed, that viscera examination should be done within a time of six months for the speedy investigation process.
Reference: Indian Evidence Act, 1872.
Indian Penal Code, 1860.